Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan location, also recognized as the Valley of the Sun

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with one,660,272 individuals (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of a lot more than a single million residents.

Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also identified as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is portion of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan area is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with around 4.73 million individuals as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the largest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (one,341 km2), a lot more than twice the dimension of Tucson and a single of the largest cities in the United States.

Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural local community close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a sizzling desert climate. In spite of this, its canal system led to a thriving farming local community with the original settler’s crops remaining crucial parts of the Phoenix economic climate for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper had been identified locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic climate. These remained the driving forces of the city till right after Globe War II, when substantial-tech businesses started to move into the valley and air conditioning manufactured Phoenix’s sizzling summers a lot more bearable.

The city averaged a 4 % annual population development rate over a fortyyear time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development rate slowed during the Fantastic Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.